Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 35-40
Innovative Energy Saving Sandwich Panels for Panel Housing
Nikolaev Valery Nikolaevich, ZAO “The Republican Chamber of Entrepreneurs”, Cheboksary, Russian Federation
Stepanova Valentina Fedorovna, Research Institute of Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Named After A. A. Gvozdev (NIIZHB), JSC “Research Center of Construction”, Moscow, Russian Federation
Kozlov Vladimir Vladimirovich, FSBI «Research Institute of Building Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences», Moscow, Russian Federation
Mikhailova Alyona Vladimirovna, ZAO “The Republican Chamber of Entrepreneurs”, Cheboksary, Russian Federation
Received: May 14, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 20, 2020;       Published: Aug. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.12      View  81      Downloads  37
Today large-panel house construction occupies a leading place, both in terms of speed of construction and in terms of sales, which contributes to an increase in the volume of prefabricated house-construction. Modern technologies allow creating comfortable, bright residential buildings of high quality. However, the issues of thermal insulation remain relevant: increased requirements for energy efficiency of residential facilities, new materials and construction technologies are being introduced. In the industrial construction market, metal diagonal ties and mounting loops of ferrous metal are widely used, which affects the energy efficiency of houses. Currently, in the technology of construction of panel houses of sandwich panels, current trend is to reduce the standard thickness of the facade layer of a three-layer sandwich panel (GOST 31310-2015) from 70 mm to 40 mm or less. The new materials proposed in the paper can reduce metal- and material consumption and improve the thermal characteristics of panel houses. The use of construction products made of composite materials such as diagonal flexible ties, composite flexible mounting loops and composite reinforcing mesh will allow increasing the energy efficiency of the panel, reducing the cost of manufacturing of the panel and increasing productivity – creating an innovative energy-efficient reinforced concrete sandwich panel of the 21st century. The paper is devoted to studying the effect of replacing steel flexible ties with composite ones, and replacing steel loops with flexible mounting loops in three-layer sandwich panels.
Flexible Diagonal Ties, Mounting Loops, Composite Mesh, Facade Layer, Wall Concrete Three-Layer Panels, Energy Efficiency, Composite Materials
To cite this article
Nikolaev Valery Nikolaevich, Stepanova Valentina Fedorovna, Kozlov Vladimir Vladimirovich, Mikhailova Alyona Vladimirovna, Innovative Energy Saving Sandwich Panels for Panel Housing, Applied Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 35-40. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Zayavka na izobretenie GB № 2164367 (A). A concrete building unit of a sandwich structure / Paakkinen Ilmari, Partek AB. Published 19. 03. 1986. (In UK).
Patent RF 149446. Gibkaya svyaz’ dlya trekhslojnyh ograzhdayushchih konstrukcij [Flexible connection for three-layer walling]. Gibkaya svyaz’ dlya trekhslojnyh ograzhdayushchih konstrukcij. Declared 15.07.2014. Pub-lished 10.01.2015. Bulletin No. 1. (In Russian).
Stepanova V. F., Nikolaev V. N., A new level of panel housing construction: composite diagonal flexible ties and flexible mounting loops for three-layer concrete panels. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2019. No. 10, pp. 14–20. (In Russian).
Utility Model Patent 194846. Montajnaya petlya [Mounting loop]. Priority 27.08.2018. (In Russian).
Gagarin V. G., Dmitriev K. A. Accounting for thermal engi-neering heterogeneity in the assessment of thermal protec-tion of enclosing structures in Russia and European coun-tries. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 6, pp. 14-16. (In Russian). Y. Yorozu, M. Hirano, K. Oka, and Y. Tagawa, “Electron spectroscopy studies on magneto-optical media and plastic substrate interface,” IEEE Transl. J. Magn. Japan, vol. 2, pp. 740–741, August 1987 [Digests 9th Annual Conf. Magnetics Japan, p. 301, 1982].
Babkov V. V., Kolesnik G. S., Gajsin A. M. i dr. Bearing exter-nal three-layer walls of buildings with high thermal protec-tion. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 1998. No. 6, pp. 16–18. (In Russian).
Stepanova V. F., Buchkin A. V., Iurin E. U., Nikishov E. I., Ishchuk М. К., Granovskii A. V., Dzhamuev B. K., Aiziatullin Kh. A. Composite polymer mesh for stone masonry. Stroi-tel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2019. No. 9, pp. 44–50. (In Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.31659/0585-430X-2019-774-9-44-50.
Rozental’ N. K., CHekhnij G. V., Bel’nik A. R., ZHilkin A. P. Corrosion resistance of polymer composites in the alkaline environment of concrete. Beton i zhelezobeton. 2002. No. 3, pp. 20–23. (In Russian).
Stepanova V. F., Stepanov A. Yu., Zhirkov E. P. Armatura kompozitnaya polimernaya [Composite polymer reinforce- ment]. Moscow: ASV. 2013. 200 p.
Savin V. F., Blaznov A. N., Bashara V. A., Lugovoj A. N. EHk-spress-metod ocenki stojkosti polimernyh kompozicionnyh materialov k vozdejstviyu shchelochnoj sredy. Tekhnika i tekh-nologiya proizvodstva teploizolyacionnyh materialov iz miner-al’nogo syr’ya [Express method for assessing the resistance of polymer composite materials to the effects of an alkaline environment. Technique and technology for the production of thermal insulation materials from mineral raw materials]: Doklad VI Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskaya konferenci-ya. Moscow: FGUP «CNIIHM». 2006. pp. 203–207.
Nikolaev S. V. Modernization of large-panel housing con-struction - the locomotive of low-cost housing construction. Zhilishchnoe Stroitel’stvo [Housing Construction]. 2011. No. 3, pp. 3–7. (In Russian).
Stepanova, V. F. Protection of concrete and reinforced concrete structures from corrosion - the basis of ensuring the durability of buildings and structures. Promyshlen-noe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2013. No. 1, pp. 13–16. (In Russian).
Aslanova, L. G. Usloviya primeneniya stekloplastikovoi armaturi v izgibaemih betonno-polimernih konstrukciyah elektrosetevogo stroitelstva: dissertaciya kand. tehn. nauk. [Conditions for the use of fiberglass reinforcement in flexible polymer-concrete structures of electric grid construction: PhD thesis] – M.: NIIJB. – 1983.
Gorb A. M., Vojlokov I. A. The fiber-reinforced concrete –background, regulatory framework, problems and solu-tions. Mezhdunarodnoe analiticheskoe obozrenie. 2009. No. 2, pp. 1–4. 1http://www. monolitpol. ru/files/monolit-pol026. pdf (Date of access 14. 04. 2018). (In Russian).
Stepanova V. F., Falikman V. R., Buchkin A. V. Tasks and prospects of application of composites in construction. Ac-tual questions of theory and practice of application of com-posite reinforcement in construction: Collected materials of the Third Scientific and Technical Conference. Izhevsk. 2017, pp. 55–72. (In Russian).
Browse journals by subject